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Sonny Zulhuda
Associate Professor

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Sonny Zulhuda obtained his LLB (Honours), MCL and Ph.D from the IIUM. For his doctoral thesis which was completed in 2009, he wrote on the legal framework of information security in Malaysia, encompassing the issues of information governance, identity theft, cyber crimes, cyber terrorisms as well as the critical information infrastructure protection (CIIP). Besides, Dr. Sonny is trained on the Quality Management System (QMS) based on the ISO 9001:2008 and MS 1900:2014; Information Security Management System based on ISO/IEC 27001, CISSP review, as well as a certified trainer on Digital Etiquet ... show more

  • Doctor of Philosophy (Law) - Doctor of Philosophy, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Master of Comparative Laws - Masters Degree, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Bachelor of Laws - Bachelor Degree, International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Social Science ~ Social Science ~ Law ~ Commercial Law - E-commerce Law
  • Social Science ~ Social Science ~ Law ~ Contract Law - Social Networking Media
  • Social Science ~ Social Science ~ Law ~ Cyber/ICT Law - Information Security Law
  • Economics, Business And Management ~ Economics, Business And Management ~ Technology Management ~ Technology and Law - Critical Information Infrastructure Protection
  • 2018 - 2018 Visiting Researcher,
  • 2014 - 2016 , International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP)
  • 2014 - 2015 Working Group on Personal Data Protection (PDP), ISACA Chapter Malaysia (Information Governance Professionals)
  • 2013 - 2015 Member of advisory board, Indonesian Boy Scout (PRAMUKA) Chapter Kuala Lumpur Embassy of Republic of Indonesia
  • 2015 - 2015 , International Islamic University Malaysia
COMMERCIAL LAW (FOR ENM) 2006/2007
CYBER LAW 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 2013/2014 2014/2015 2015/2016 2017/2018 2018/2019 2019/2020 2020/2021
LAW ATTACHMENT PROGRAMME 2016/2017 2017/2018
LAW OF CONTRACT I 2010/2011 2011/2012
LAW OF CONTRACT II 2010/2011 2017/2018 2018/2019 2019/2020
LAW OF TORTS 1 2017/2018
LAW OF TORTS I 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 2013/2014 2014/2015 2015/2016 2016/2017 2017/2018 2018/2019 2019/2020 2020/2021
LEGAL STUDIES FOR QUANTITY SURVEYORS 2 2012/2013
In Progress
2019 - Present Developing a new legal and regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies businesses in Malaysia.
2018 - Present From Freedom of Expression to 'Freedom to Tell Lies': Formulating an Effective Legal Framework to Regulate the Spread of Fake News Online in Malaysia
2018 - Present SOCIAL MEDIA REGULATION IN MALAYSIA: TRENDS AND UPDATES FROM THE LEGAL AND JUDICIAL PERSPECTIVES
2017 - Present From Data Security to Freedom of Information: Formulating a Legal Framework for Open Data in Malaysian Public Sector
2016 - Present Formulating The Legal and Institutional Framework for Elimination of Terrorism Financing in Malaysia
Unknown - Present SOCIAL MEDIA REGULATION IN MALAYSIA: TRENDS AND UPDATES FROM THE LEGAL AND JUDICIAL PERSPECTIVES
Completed
2016 - 2019 Formulating The Legal and Institutional Framework for Elimination of Terrorism Financing in Malaysia
2015 - 2019 Access My Info (AMI)
2013 - 2016 Application of Extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) on Malaysian Consumer Towards E-Commerce Transaction of Small Business
2013 - 2017 Security Offences Law Vis a Vis Right to Privacy in Malaysia: Guidelines for Reconciliation and Enforcement
2013 - 2017 Islamic Microfinance as a Tool for Enterprise Creation, Expansion and Poverty Alleviation : A Study of using Different Models
2011 - 2015 Deciphering The Wikileaks SAGA:Exploring The Legal, Policy and Information Security Role and Challenges In Protecting and Securing Malaysia's Critical Information Infrastructure (CII) Against Data Leak
2011 - 2014 The Problems of Identity Theft in Malaysia in the Light of the Personal Data Protection (PDP) Act 2010: A Hope Rejuvenated?
14 Jun 2014 Bronze Medal. IIUM International Research, Invention and Innovation Exhibition (IRIIE) 2014 - University level.
08 April 2013 ICANN Fellowship Award 2013. Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) - International level.
20 Februari 2012 Silver Medal. IIUM Research, Invention and Innovation Exhibition (IRIIE) 2012 - University level.
19 Jun 2011 ICANN Fellowship Award 2011. Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) - International level.
Article
2019 M’sians increasingly aware of risks with data breach. Borneo Post Online
2019 Access My Info: measuring data access rights around the world. The Citizen Lab , October 16, 2019
2019 #10yearschallenge could simplify data collection, expert says. The Jakarta Post
2019 Pakar sayangkan Indonesia absen Deklarasi Osaka. Antara News
2018 RUU perlindungan data pribadi perlu segera dibahas = PDP draft law needs to be urgently passed. Antara News
2018 Current state of personal data protection in electronic voting: Criteria and indicator for effective implementation. TELKOMNIKA Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control , 16 (1) pp.290-301
2017 Whither policing cryptocurrency in Malaysia?. IIUM Law Journal , 25 (2) pp.179-196
2017 Policing cryptocurrencies. New Straits Times pp.22-22
2017 Social function reconstruction of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) based on justice values. International Journal of Law Reconstruction , 1 (1) pp.141-160
2017 马来西亚社交媒体监管:选择与挑战 (Regulating Social Media in Malaysia: Options and Challenges). Global Media Journal , 4 (2) pp.58-79
2017 Privacy and personal data protection in electronic voting: factors and measures. TELKOMNIKA , 15 (1) pp.512-521
2016 Memaknai pergantian tahun bagi seorang Muslim. Suara Muhammadiyah Online pp.1-5
2016 Utilization of cyberspace by terrorist groups and the applicability of the Malaysian law on terrorism. Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities , 2 (2) pp.31-54
2016 Keutamaan membaca Al-Quran di bulan Ramadhan. Muhammadiyah pp.1-6
2016 Dispute resolution in E-transaction in Palestine. South East Asia Journal of Contemporary Business, Economics and Law , 9 (4) pp.6-11
2015 Mediating data protection breaches and disputes: the PDPA 2010 perspective. Kuala Lumpur Regional Centre for Arbitration (KLRCA) Newsletter , 2015 (18/Q2) pp.24-27
2015 The Shari’ah approach to criminalise identity theft. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities , 23 ((S)) pp.169-182
2015 Preface for Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities: A Special Edition Devoted to Issues in Criminal Justice in the 21st Century: Spirit, Form & Challenges . Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities: A Special Edition Devoted to Issues in Criminal Justice in the 21st Century: Spirit, Form & Challenges , 23 ((S))
2015 Data Protection Chat. Kuala Lumpur Regional Centre for Arbitration (KLRCA) Newsletter , 18 (Q2) pp.22-23
2015 The concept of internet of things and its challenges to privacy. South East Asia Journal of Contemporary Business, Economics and Law , 8 (4) pp.1-6
2015 Cloud computing in E-Commerce in Palestine: legal issues and challenges. International Journal of Business, Economics and Law , 8 (4) pp.17-25
2015 Big data, cloud and "bring your own device": how the data protection law addresses the impact of 'datafication' . Advanced Science Letters , 21 (10) pp.3347-3351
2014 Electronic surveillance, privacy and national security: concepts, analysis - in a nutshell. Current Law Review , 2014 (4) pp.36-69
2014 Data breach worries: a special report. Focus Malaysia , 70 (April 5-11, 2014) pp.18-19
2014 Legal framework on the enforceability, fairness and data protection surrounding the electronic transaction: a case of Malaysia. Lex Mercatoria Journal of International Trade and Business Law , 2 (1) pp.23-45
2013 Consumers, take control of your personal data . The Star Daily
2013 A guideline to enforce privacy and data protection regulation in Indonesia. South East Asia Journal of Contemporary Business, Economics and Law , 2 (3) pp.56-63
2013 An overview of legal framework for personal data protection on electronic voting in Indonesia . International Journal of Business, Economics and Law , 2 (3) pp.62-68
2012 Data leak, critical information infrastructure and the legal options: what does Wikileaks teach us?. International Journal of Cyber-Security and Digital Forensics (IJCSDF) , 1 (3) pp.226-231
2012 What You Need to Know about the PDPA. The Star Online pp.26-26
2012 E-Payment Gateway Service in Malaysia and the Analysis of its Legal Framework. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences , 6 (11) pp.233-238
2011 Security safeguards on e-Payment systems in Malaysia: an analysis on the Payment Systems Act 2003. Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology , 6 (4) pp.187-193
2011 Personal data “Up in the Air”: a tale of two Malaysian airlines in dealing with consumers online privacy. International Proceedings of Economics Development and Research (IPEDR) , 5 (1) pp.V1-300-V1-303
2011 Adakah perlindungan data konsumen di Indonesia? ("What law protects consumers' personal data in Indonesia?"). Online News Portal Detik.com
2011 National security in Malaysia's digital economy: redefinition, reaction and legal reform. Journal of Applied Sciences Research , 7 (13) pp.2316-2325
2011 Law and legal education in the information age: quo vadis?. IIUM Law Journal , 2011 (SEd) pp.67-82
2009 The requirement of information availability under the E-Commerce Act 2006. E-Security , 18 (Q1) pp.26-27

Conference or Workshop Item

2019 Open data and right to information in Malaysia: a comparative analysis. In: 2018 6th International Conference on Cyber and IT Service Management (CITSM 2018)
2018 Dissemination of false content online in Malaysia: a legal update. In: 7th International Conference on Law And Society (ICLAS 7)
2018 Cryptocurrency and anti-money laundering law: the need for an integrated approach. In: 7th International Conference on Law And Society (ICLAS 7)
2017 The Nigerian policy on critical information infrastructure. In: International Conference on Law and Society 6 (ICLAS 6)
2017 Cabaran PDPA dalam ekonomi digital (Personal Data Protection Act and the challenges of digital economy). In: Persidangan Perlindungan Data Peribadi (Akta 709)
2017 Privasi vs data peribadi (Privacy To Personal Data Protection: Conceptual and Contextual Landscape). In: Persidangan Perlindungan Data Peribadi (Akta 709) untuk Pengguna Data di Sabah
2017 Cabaran PDPA dalam ekonomi digital (PDPA and the challenges of digital economy). In: Persidangan Perlindungan Data Peribadi (Akta 709)
2017 Privacy policy in Indonesia and Malaysia: from digital economy to personal data protection laws. In: The 3rd Asia Privacy Bridge Forum, Spring 2017
2017 Cyber security in the open data: where is the equilibrium?. In: 6th Malaysian – German Security Dialogue
2017 Election fraud and privacy related issues: addressing electoral integrity. In: 2016 International Conference on Informatics and Computing (ICIC)
2017 Current state of personal data protection in electronic voting: demand on legislature’s Bill. In: 1st International Conference on Informatics and Computing, ICIC 2016
2017 Internet of things: investigating its social and legal implications in a connected society. In: International Conference on Law and Society 6 (ICLAS 6)
2016 Peningkatan kualitas pendidikan tinggi hukum melalui kerjasama dalam pengembangan sistem informasi menghadapi Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN (MEA) = Developing the information system for law schools: Roles and challenges towards the ASEAN Economic Community. In: Seminar Nasional Dalam Rangka Milad FH UMY ke-35
2016 Pesonal data governance in Malaysia from a cyber security perspective. In: APAC Cyber Security Summit 2016
2016 Our privacy: How to be assured in cyberspace. In: Cybersecurity, IT Assurance & Governance Conference 2016
2016 Cyberlaw and Data Protection Law. In: Seminar : Cyber Law and Data Protection Law
2016 Garis panduan penyediaan perintah S.129 PDPA 2010 (cross-border data transfer under s.129 of the PDPA 2010). In: Bengkel Penyediaan Deraf Perintah Perlindungan Data Peribadi ( Pemindahan Data Peribadi ) 2016
2016 Critical data leak analysis in educational environment. In: 2016 4th International Conference on Cyber and IT Service Management
2016 Data governance in the renewable energy development: issues and challenges. In: International Conference Forum in Research, Science and Technology (FIRST 2016)
2016 Cyber security and open government in Malaysia: issues and development. In: Cyber Security in the Era of Open Government
2016 Dispute resolution in E-transaction in Palestine. In: Kuala Lumpur International Business, Economics and Law Conference 9 (KLIBEL9)
2016 Cryptocurrency: To regulate or not to regulate?. In: 5th International Conference on Law and Society (ICLAS V)
2016 Self-regulation in the use of social media: an obvious but tricky choice?. In: Social Media, Policy and Regulation: A Network Governance Perspective
2015 Negligence: causation & remoteness of damage. In: Torts Law Course for Anti-Corruption Agency - Concept and Application
2015 Cloud computing in e-commerce in palestine: legal issues and challenges. In: KL International Business Economics and Law 8 (KLIBEL8)
2015 Digital privacy as a currency in the big data ecosystem. In: Guest Lecture at the Faculty of Science and Technology, UIN Jakarta
2015 Information governance and dark data management. In: InnoxCell Asia Symposium 2015 on Legal Risk, Compliance, e-Discovery, Financial Crime, Corporate Governance and Data Privacy (IAS 2015)
2015 Developing PDPA-friendly moblie application: key takeaways for mobile apps developers. In: KL Converge! 2015 Talk
2015 Rolling-out PDPA compliance programme: business issues and practical challenges to manage - between failed, half-baked & sustainable PDPA roll-out. In: Public Lecture Series 2015 of the Brickfields Asia College
2015 Cyberlaw on pornography. In: National Law Students Convention IV (PEMUDA IV)
2015 Managing the risks of big-data environment through data protection law: the position in Malaysia and Indonesia. In: The 3rd International Conference on Internet Services Technology and Information Engineering 2015
2015 The concept of internet of things and its challenges to privacy. In: KL International Business Economics and Law 8 (KLIBEL8)
2014 Electronic surveillance and privacy concern in Malaysia: a quest for consensus. In: International Conference on Law and Society III (ICLAS III)
2014 Moving towards an "Eagle-Eyed" society: Malaysian perspective. In: International Conference on Law, Order and Criminal Justice (ICLOCJ 2014)
2014 The Shariah approach to criminalise identity theft. In: International Conference on Law, Order and Criminal Justice 2014
2014 Patient confidentiality, the law and the healthcare records in the view of the PDPA 2010. In: National Seminar on Medical Records Management
2014 Citizen, cyber government and the legal aspects. In: Malaysia Internet Governance Forum (MyIGF) 2014
2014 Overview of the Budapest convention on cybercrime. In: Attorney General's Chambers Workshop on Cybercrime
2014 Decision to cast a vote: an ordinal regression statistical analysis. In: 2014 5th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for The Muslim World (ICT4M 2014)
2014 Big data and its legal risks. In: The 3rd International Conference on Information Technology for Cyber and IT Service Management (CITSM) 2014
2014 PDP law and the university data ecosystem: understanding the context. In: Half-Day Workshop on Personal Data Protection Law
2014 Highlights of Personal Data Protection Act (PDPA) 2010 & its subsidiary regulations - for information governance professionals. In: ISACA Talk on PDPA – Enforcement, Implementation and Assurance
2013 An overview of legal framework for personal data protection on electronic voting in Indonesia. In: Kuala Lumpur International Business, Economics, and Law Conference
2013 A guideline to enforce privacy and data protection regulation in Indonesia. In: Kuala Lumpur International Business, Economics, and Law Conference
2013 PDP Act 2010 beyond “personal”, “data” and “protection”: how the data privacy law transforms business landscape in Malaysia and beyond. In: ISACA Malaysia & MNCC 12th Annual IT Governance, Assurance and Security Conference
2013 Information security and data protection: Selected issues. In: Global Information Governance Summit (GIGS) 2013
2013 Terrorism and the law: Malaysian and Indonesian perspectives. In: Special Course for Thai Judges
2013 Law and ethics: Doing e-business. In: SME@UiTM Workshop Programme: Nurturing Business Innovation
2013 How does the Personal Data Protection Act 2010 affect the clinical research?. In: Clinical Research Center (CRC) Network Meeting
2013 Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA): From management tools towards a privacy culture. In: 3rd Annual Personal Data Protection Summit
2013 The significance of Personal Data Protection Act (PDPA) 2010 on data security & IT audit. In: IT Audit Heads' Special Interest Group (SIG) Meeting
2012 The state of e-government security in Malaysia : reassessing the legal and regulatory framework on the threat of information theft. In: 1st Taibah University International Conference on Computing and Information Technology (ICCIT 2012)
2012 Apportionment of liability in the electronic commerce in Arab countries: a literature review. In: 2nd Global Islamic Marketing Conference (GIMC 2012)
2012 E-Payment gateway and Internet banking system as modern business instrument and its legal basis in Malaysia. In: International Conference on Payment Gateway and Internet Banking System in Islamic and Universal Economic Legal System Perspectives
2012 Privacy impact assessment for a better corporate governance : new legal landscape in managing corporate data assets. In: National Conference on IT Governance, Data Protection and Cyber Security for the Public and Private Sectors
2012 Data breach on the critical information infrastructures: lessons from the Wikileaks. In: 2012 International Conference on Cyber Security, Cyber Warfare and Digital Forensic (CyberSec
2012 E-Business Law in Malaysia - Introduction for Small and Medium Enterprises (SME). In: Small & Medium Enterprises (SME) Workshop 2012
2012 The Law of information age : quo vadis?. In: Talk on Cyberlaw
2012 Understanding personal data protection law. In: In-house Workshop on Personal Data Protection Act 2010
2012 Privacy in cyber era : a reality check. In: 2nd Annual Personal Data Protection Summit
2012 Legal redress for identity theft in Malaysia : hope or hype?. In: International Conference on Public Policy and Social Sciences
2012 القضایا و التحدیات القانونیة في الإدارة الإلكترونیة بسلطنة عُمان (Legal Issues and Challenges on Electronic Government in Oman) . In: GCC Conference on the Administrative Development in The Arab States of the Gulf Cooperation Council: Challenges of Change and Development, Prospecting The Future
2011 Personal data “Up in the air”: A tale of two Malaysian airlines in dealing with consumers online privacy. In: 2011 International Conference on Social Science and Humanity
2011 National security in Malaysia's digital economy: redefinition, reaction and legal reform. In: The 1st International Conference on International Relations and Development (ICIRD)
2011 Legal reform on the dispute resolution mechanism in Islamic banking and finance in Indonesia: issues and challenges. In: Eighth International Conference on Islamic Economics and Finance 2011
2010 Information security in the Islamic perspective: the principles and practices. In: International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for the Muslim World (ICT4M) 2010
2010 An ideal legal system to combat cyber crime: issues and way forward. In: The Digital Forensics Satellite Event for Researchers & Aacademicians - Cyber CSI / Cyber Security Malaysia Awards, Conference & Exhibition 2010
2009 Corroborative intersection of the information security standards and the legal framework on data management. In: 2009 Second International Conference on Computer and Electrical Engineering

Book

Book Section

2019 Cryptocurrencies and anti-money laundering laws: The need for an integrated approach. In: Emerging Issues in Islamic Finance Law and Practice in Malaysia Emerald Publishing Limited . ISBN 978-1-78973-546-8 , pp.247-263
2018 Information asset as property: a legal perspective. In: Contemporary issues in international law Springer, Singapore . ISBN 978-981-10-6276-6 , pp.371-381
2018 Right of privacy in the digital age: legal challenges in the Malaysian judicial landscape. In: Contemporary and emerging issues : Syariah and Law USIM Press, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia . ISBN 978-967-440-588-5 , pp.179-189
2014 Information asset as property: a legal perspective . In: Contemporary Issues in International Law: Environment, International Trade, Information Technology and Legal Education Satyam Law International . ISBN 9789382823087 , pp.397-408
2013 Integrating information security policies into domestic legislation: the Malaysian experience. In: Law & practice: critical analysis and legal reasoning International Association of IT lawyers (IAITL) . ISBN 9788799485437 , pp.221-235
2013 Fighting cyberterrorism with legislative bullet: are we really ready?. In: Law & practice: critical analysis and legal reasoning International Association of IT lawyers (IAITL) . ISBN 9788799485437 , pp.65-79
2013 Right to privacy: development, cases and commentaries. In: Constitutional law and human rights in Malaysia: topical issues and perspectives Thomson Reuters (Sweet & Maxwell) Malaysia . ISBN 9789670498133 , pp.445-465
2011 Right to privacy in Malaysia : development,cases and commentaries. In: Constitutional Law and Human Rights in Malaysia. Selected Issues IIUM Press . ISBN 9789670225753 , pp.459-486
2011 The law of electronic contract in Malaysia: issues and challenges. In: Law and commerce: the Malaysian perspective IIUM Press . ISBN 9789670225432 , pp.215-248
2010 Policing cybercrime and cyberporn: International and Malaysian experiences. In: Information and communication technology law: state, internet and information: legal and regulatory challenges Sweet & Maxwell Asia : Thomson Reuters . ISBN 9789675040320 , pp.119-137
2010 Menata masyarakati informasi Indonesia melalui kerjasama pengaturan konten internet ("co-regulating the internet content for a better Indonesian information society"). In: Muhammadiyah dan Tantangan Abad Baru: Percikan Pemikiran dari Negeri Jiran Matan Press . ISBN 978-979-990042-3-2 , pp.305-328