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Azlin Suhaida Bt. Azmi
Associate Professor

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Dr. Azlin Suhaida Azmi, a graduate of the Widener University, Pennsylvania, USA, started her career as a chemist at First Malaysia Coating Sdn. Bhd. in Mac 1999. In September 1999, she received an offer from University Technology PETRONAS (UTP) and worked as a trainee lecturer. She continued her study in MSc in Process Integration at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST), in 2001. Early 2002, she was back at UTP and was appointed and served as a lecturer until October 2006. In November 2006, she moved to International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) as a ... show more

  • Ph.D in Biochemical Engineering - Doctor of Philosophy, Universiti Malaya (UM)
  • Master of Science - Masters Degree, University of Manchester
  • Bachelor of Chemical Engineering - Bachelor Degree, Widener University
  • Biotechnology ~ Biotechnology ~ Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology ~ Fermentation Technology - Fermentation Technology and biofuel technology
  • Engineering Tech ~ Engineering And Technology ~ Chemical Engineering ~ Other Chemical Engineering n.e.c. - Process Integration
  • 2017 - 2017 , Elsivier
  • 2015 - 2015 , Wiley
  • 2015 - 2015 Secretary, BERC, IIUM
  • 2015 - 2015 Industrial Linkage and Consultancy Portfolio, BPMERU
  • 2015 - 2015 , Malaysia Society for Engineering and Technology (MySET)
ADVANCED BIOSEPERATION PROCESSES 2018/2019 2019/2020
BIOCHEMICAL PROCESSES 2011/2012 2012/2013 2013/2014
BIOFUEL AND BIOENERGY 2016/2017
BIOLOGICAL WASTE TREATMENT DESIGN 2015/2016
BIOMASS ENERGY 2012/2013 2013/2014
BIOTECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING LAB IV 2012/2013 2013/2014 2014/2015 2015/2016 2016/2017
ENGINEERING INDUSTRIAL TRAINING 2015/2016
ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT 2015/2016 2016/2017 2017/2018
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ENGINEERING 2014/2015 2015/2016 2016/2017
FINAL YEAR PROJECT II 2018/2019
HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER 2016/2017
Integrated Design Project 2018/2019
PROCESS PLANT DESIGN & SAFETY 2013/2014 2014/2015 2015/2016 2016/2017 2018/2019 2019/2020 2020/2021
PROJECT I 2018/2019
PROJECT II 2012/2013
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY & SEMINAR IN BTE ENG (MIXED MODE) 2019/2020 2020/2021
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY & SEMINAR IN BTE ENG (RESEARCH MODE) 2019/2020 2020/2021
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND SEMINAR 2019/2020
SEMINAR 2006/2007 2007/2008
SEMINAR II 2011/2012
SEPARATION PROCESSES FOR BIOCHEMICAL PRODUCTS 2006/2007 2011/2012
SEPARATION PROCESSES II 2018/2019
THERMODYNAMICS 2006/2007
In Progress
2020 - Present Local production of green chemicals from special strain of non-edible cassava starch in high scale of cost effective process
2019 - Present Chitosan-copolymer loaded Acalypha indica extract for drug delivery
2019 - Present Microwave-Assisted Polymerization of Polylactic Acid- Palm Oil Polyurethane
2019 - Present Chitosan-copolymer loaded Acalypha indica extract for drug delivery
2018 - Present Scaling-up of recombinant collagen-like protein production
2018 - Present EVALUATING RECOMBINANT COLLAGEN-LIKE PROTEIN AS ANIMAL-BASED COLLAGEN SUBSTITUTION FOR HALAL AND VEGETARIAN INDUSTRIES
2018 - Present Enhanced Mechanical Properties of Plasticized PLA by using Nanocellulose/Algae
2017 - Present Upscaling the Production of Fish Feed from Palm Kernel Cake and Sargassum
2016 - Present Upscalling Cream Cheese Production by 100L per day Cow Milk Using Bromelain as Rennet Alternative
2016 - Present Integration of Chemical Reaction-based Approaches and Biological System for Co2 Mitigation
2015 - Present Investigation of Indigenous Biofilm Technology for Simultaneous Pretreatment and Enhanced Biogas Production From Palm oil Mill Effluent
2015 - Present Investigation of the Symbiotic Mechanism of microalgae-bacteria in Wastewater Treatment
2006 - Present Bio-Process and Molecular Engineering Research Unit (BPMERU)
2004 - Present Bio-Environmental Engineering Research Centre (BERC)
Unknown - Present Chitosan-copolymer loaded Acalypha indica extract for drug delivery
Completed
2017 - -1 Production of Functionalized Filler Rubber Nanocomposites for Gloves
2016 - 2019 Upscalling Cream Cheese Production by 100L per day Cow Milk Using Bromelain as Rennet Alternative
2016 - 2019 A Pilot Study on Science Policy for Green Energy:Microbial Fuel Cell Technology in Focus
2016 - 2019 Integration of Chemical Reaction-based Approaches and Biological System for Co2 Mitigation
2015 - 2018 Investigation of the Symbiotic Mechanism of microalgae-bacteria in Wastewater Treatment
2014 - 2014 Property Analysis of Biodiesel Oil
2014 - 2017 Lutein Production by Muriellopsis sp. using Flue Gas for the Source of Carbon Dioxide
2014 - 2018 Development of Multivariate Model on the Effect of Different Parameters on Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 Growth
2014 - 2018 Study of Growth Kinetics and Metabolites of Citrus Suhuiensis (Limau Madu) under Various Culture Conditions
2014 - 2017 Conducting Polymer Nanocomposite as Transducer Layer for a Robust Biochemical Microsensor
2013 - 2017 Production of Halal Insulin in Photosynthetic Microalgae
2013 - 2016 Development of Heterogeneous Catalysts for Synthesis of Biodiesel from Waste by a Continuous in Situ Transesterification
2013 - 2016 Seaweed Supplemented Fish Feed With High Nutritional Value
2013 - 2016 Investigation of Various Enzyme Compatible Ionic Liquids for Single-Step Pretreatment and Hydrolysis of Oil Palm Biomass to Biofuel
2012 - 2015 Using Metabolic Flux Balance Analysis ( FBA ) for the Production of Biohydrogen from Renewable Organic Waste
2012 - 2015 Isolation and Characterization of Bacterial Strain Producing L-Asparaginase from Local Hot Spring
2012 - 2014 Random Mutagenesis of Cyanobacteria for Bioproduct Production.
2011 - 2014 Enhancement of Co2 Mitigation of Cyanobacteria Potential for Biofuel Production
2010 - 2014 Pre-Commercialization of Recombinat Bromelain
2007 - 2011 Kinetic Studies and Optimisation of Biofuel Production from Cassava-Starch via Yeast Fermentation.
13 يونيو 2014 International Research, Invention and Innovation Exhibition 2014. IIUM - International level.
11 مايو 2013 Malaysian Innovative Product Award. Malaysian Invention & Design Society - National level.
Article
2020 Statistical analysis of growth conditions of newly isolate bacillus sp producing l-asparaginase. IIUM Engineering Journal , 21 (2) pp.67-79
2020 Carbon capture and storage with lipid production in integrated system of aqueous ammonia with marine mutant Synechococcus PCC 7002 IIUM01. Biological And Natural Resources Engineering Journal , 3 (1) pp.14-27
2020 Are large-scale dams environmentally detrimental? Life-cycle environmental consequences of mega-hydropower plants in Myanmar. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment , 25 (9) pp.1749-1766
2020 Effects of carbon sources, plant growth regulators and inoculum size on Citrus suhuiensis cell suspension culture growth. Malaysia Applied Biology Journal , 49 (1) pp.87-93
2020 Development of biodegradable cosmetic patch using a polylactic acid/phycocyanin–alginate composite. Polymers , 12 (8) pp.1-11
2020 Microwave-assisted acid pretreatment of sago wastewater for fermentable sugar production. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering , 778 (012051) pp.1-8
2020 Statistical analysis of growth conditions of newly isolate bacillus sp. producing L-Asparaginase. IIUM Engineering Journal , 21 (2) pp.67-79
2020 Preliminary study on formulation of pva-based face mask incorporated with sugarcane bagasse microfibrillated cellulose. Biological And Natural Resources Engineering Journal , 3 (1) pp.7-13
2020 Enhanced flexibility of polylactic acid/epoxidized palm oil/pineapple fiber composites. Biological And Natural Resources Engineering Journal , 3 (1) pp.1-7
2019 Biodegradable polymer composite for cosmetic patch. Biological and Natural Resources Engineering Journal (BNREJ) , 2 (2) pp.49-64
2019 Properties of sulphur in colloidal system: a review. Biological and Natural Resources Engineering Journal (BNREJ) , 2 (2) pp.13-20
2019 Potential inhibitors of α-glucosidase and α-amylase enzymes from locally available fruit wastes by solid state fermentation. Biological and Natural Resources Engineering Journal , . 2 (1) pp.56-63
2019 Nutrients and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removals by microalgae - bacteria co-culture system in palm oil mill effluent (POME). IIUM Engineering Journal , 20 (2) pp.22-31
2018 Chlorella vulgaris logistic growth kinetics model in high concentrations of aqueous ammonia. IIUM Engineering Journal , 19 (2) pp.1-9
2018 Isolation and screening of bacteria with biofilm formation ability and characterization with hydrolytic enzyme production for enhanced biogas production. Malaysian Journal of Microbiology , 14 (2 ( Special Issue )) pp.96-101
2018 Enhanced flexibility of biodegradable polylactic acid/starch blends using epoxidized palm oil as plasticizer. Polymers , 10 (9) pp.1-12
2018 Preparation and characterization of PLA/algae nanocomposite for packaging industry. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science , 50 (1) pp.19-25
2018 Optimization of culture conditions for biohydrogen production from sago wastewater by enterobacter aerogenes using response surface methodology. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy , 43 (49) pp.22148-22158
2018 Wastewater treatment by microalgae-bacteria co-culture system. Malaysian Journal of Microbiology , 14 (2) pp.131-136
2018 Interactive effect of temperature, pH and light intensity on biodesalination of seawater by Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 and on the cyanobacteria growth. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences , 52 (1) pp.85-93
2017 Comparative study of poly(4-vinylpyridine) and polylactic acid-block-poly(2-vinylpyridine) nanocomposites on structural, morphological and electrochemical properties = Kajian perbandingan nanokomposit poli(4-vinilpiridine) dan polilaktik asid-blok-poli(2-vinilpiridine) ke atas sifat struktur, morfologi dan elektrokimia. Sains Malaysiana , 46 (7) pp.1097-1102
2017 Review on biohydrogen production by dark fermentative bacteria using starch-containing waste as a substrate. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science , 38 (1) pp.21-31
2017 The effect of CO2 concentrations and the injection strategy on synechococcus sp. PCC7002 culture. Asia Pacific Journal Molecular Biology and Biotechnology , 25 (1) pp.00-00
2017 Influence of enzymatic devulcanization process conditions on the tensile strength of revulcanized rubber. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science , 38 (1) pp.15-20
2017 Purification and partial characterization of L-asparaginase enzyme produced by newly isolated Bacillus sp. IIUM Engineering Journal , 18 (2)
2017 A review on acid and enzymatic hydrolyses of sago starch. International Food Research Journal (IFRJ) , 24 (Suppl.) pp.265-273
2017 Optimization of plant growth regulators for Citrus suhuiensis callus induction. Asia-Pacific Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology , 25 (1) pp.1-7
2017 Optimum media compositions for bioprotein production by mixed culture of Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Candida utilis using palm kernel cake and seaweed as substrates. International Food Research Journal , 24 (Suppl) pp.S363-S368
2017 High temperature solid-catalyzed in-situ transesterification for biodiesel production. Jurnal Teknologi , 79 (5-3) pp.67-70
2017 A review on multiple functions of ionic liquid in biodiesel production. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences , 39 (1) pp.26-35
2017 Production of coconut shell liquid smoke from pilot plant of pyrolysis process. Journal of Advanced Research in Biofuel and Bioenergy , 1 (1) pp.20-25
2016 Co-production of lactic acid and ethanol using rhizopus sp. From hydrolyzed inedible cassava starch and leaves. IIUM Engineering Journal , 17 (2) pp.1-10
2015 Isolation and characterization of thermophilic bacteria producing L-Asparaginase from Malaysia hotspring and enzyme activity using different carbon and nitrogen sources. Journal of Applied Science and Agriculture , 10 (5(spe)) pp.69-77
2015 Screening cellulolytic fungi isolated from Malaysia cocoa pod husk and its culture conditions for cellulases production. Journal of Tropical Resources and Sustainable Science (JTRSS) , 3 pp.185-190
2015 Growth of mutant synechococcus SP. PCC 7002: effects of multi-parameters and prediction of growth rate. Journal of Tropical Resources and Sustainable Science , 3 pp.174-179
2015 Determination of waste assimilative capacity (WAC) of rivers located within the Desaru Region, Johor. Environment Protection Engineering , 41 (4) pp.49-60
2015 Application of Plackett-Burman design for screening of parameters for the production of tetrathionate hydrolase by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , Spec.3 pp.12-21
2015 Preliminary study on biohydrogen production by E. coli from sago waste. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , 10 (2) pp.11-21
2015 Potentiality of selected seaweed for the production of nutritious fish feed using solid state fermentation. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , 3 (1) pp.30-40
2014 Characterization of fish bone catalyst for biodiesel production. International Journal of Biological, Veterinary, Agricultural and Food Engineering , 8 (5) pp.473-475
2014 Total lipid of mutant synechococcus sp.PCC 7002 . World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Biological, Veterinary, Agricultural and Food Engineering , 8 (5) pp.456-459
2014 Pretreatment and hydrolysis processes on synechococcus Pcc 7002 cells for glucose production. Advances in Environmental Biology , 8 (3) pp.712-716
2014 Screening of important autoinduction medium composition for high biaomass production of E. coli expressing recombinant bromelain. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology , 8 (SPEC. ISS. 1) pp.741-750
2014 Mutagenesis on cyanobacteria for high CO2 uptake: a review. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology , 8 (Issue SPEC. ISS. 1) pp.761-768
2011 Should we be concern about non enviro-friendly fuel?. Halal Pages 2011/2012 pp.96-101
2011 Prediction of significant factors in the production of ethanol by ragi tapai co-culture using Taguchi methodology. African Journal of Biotechnology , 10 (81) pp.18833-18841
2010 Ragi tapai and saccharomyces cerevisiae as potential coculture in viscous fermentation medium for ethanol production. African Journal of Biotechnology , 9 (42) pp.7122-7127
2009 Single-step bioconversion of starch to bioethanol by the coculture of ragi tapai and saccharomyces cerevisiae. Chemical Engineering Transactions , 18 pp.557-562
2006 The influence of temperature on adsorption capacity of Malaysian coal. Chemical Engineering and Processing , 45 pp.392-396

Conference or Workshop Item

2019 Microwave-assisted acid pretreatment of sago wastewater for fermentable sugar production. In: 26th Regional Symposium on Chemical Engineering
2018 Electricity generation in Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) by bacterium isolated from rice paddy field soil. In: 1st International Conference on Civil and Environmental Engineering (CENVIRON 2017)
2018 Optimization of citrus suhuiensis suspension culture conditions using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). In: 5th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2018)
2018 Potassium carbonate from pineapple and orange peels as catalyst for biodiesel production. In: 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018;
2018 Preparation and characterization of PLA/algae nanocomposites for packaging industry. In: 5th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2018)
2018 Optimization of biofilm mediated hydrolytic activity of POME for enhanced biogas production. In: 4th International Conference on Sustainable Development (ICSD) 2018
2018 Effect of inoculum ratio for anaerobic digestion of hydrolyzed palm oil mill effluent for biogas production. In: 5th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2018)
2018 Isolation and screening of newly isolated bacteria producing nanocellulose from rotten banana skin and sugarcane bagasse. In: 5th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2018)
2018 Acid pretreatment of sago wastewater for biohydrogen production. In: International Conference on Civil & Environmental Engineering (CENVIRON 2017)
2017 Screening of factors affecting biohydrogen production from sago wastewater. In: ASIA International Multidisciplinary Conference (AIMC 2017)
2017 Preliminary optimization of process conditions for biohydrogen production from sago wastewater. In: IEEE 3rd International Conference on Engineering, Technologies and Social Sciences 2017 (ICETSS-2017)
2017 Effect of carbon-based nanomaterial on growth of microalgae and production of exopolysaccharides. In: International Postgraduate Symposium in Biotechnology 2017
2017 Fruit peel as heterogeneous catalyst for biodiesel production. In: International Conference on Civil and Environmental Engineering (CENVIRON 2017)
2017 Isolation and screening of potential bacteria with biofilm formation ability and their hydrolytic enzymes for enhanced biogas production. In: International Conference on Environmental Research and Technology (ICERT 2017)
2016 Potential inhibitors of α-glucosidase and α-amylase enzymes from local fruit waste by solid state fermentation . In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016)
2016 Screening of various parameters of enterobacter aerogenes batch culture for biohydrogen production. In: 2016 5th International Conference on Environment, Energy and Biotechnology (ICEEB 2016)
2016 Influence of CO2 concentration on synechoccus growth and lipid. In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016)
2016 A review on dual-functions of ionic liquid in biodiesel production. In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016)
2016 Influence of enzymatic devulcanization process conditions on the tensile strength of revulcanized rubber. In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016)
2016 Review on applications of sago starch processing effluent. In: 4th International Conference of Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE) 2016
2016 Effect of media compositions on bioprotein production by mixed culture of Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Candida utilis using palm kernel cake and seaweed as substrates. In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016)
2016 Biohydrogen production by dark fermentative bacteria using starchy waste: a review. In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016)
2016 The effects of plant growth regulators to Citrus suhuiensis callus induction. In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016)
2015 Carbon dioxide mitigation using mutant Synechoccus PCC 7002 enhanced by aqueous ammonia. In: ASIAN Congress on Biotechnology 2015
2014 Potentiality of selected seaweed for the production of nutritious fish feed using solid state fermentation. In: 27th SYMPOSIUM OF MALAYSIAN CHEMICAL ENGINEERS (SOMChE 2014) in conjuction with 21st REGIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (RSCE 2014)
2014 Preliminary study on biohydrogen production by bacteria from sago waste. In: 27th Symposium of Malaysian Chemical Engineers (SOMChE 2014) in conjunction with 21st Regional Symposium on Chemical Engineering (RSCE 2014)
2014 Characterization of fish bone catalyst for biodiesel production. In: ICCBE 2014: International Conference on Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
2013 Screening of process parameters for CO2 mitigation by using mutant Syhechoccus sp. PCC 7002. In: National Conference of Industry-Academia Initiatives in Biotechnology (CIA-Biotech13)
2013 Screening of the process parameters for lipid production using mutant Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002. In: National Conference on Industry-Academia Joint Initiatives in Biotechnology 2013
2013 Screening of autoinduction medium composition for optimial biomass production of E.coli expressing stem bromelain. In: International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2013)
2013 Pretreatment and hydrolysis processes on cyanobacteria cells for carbohydrates production. In: International Conference Biotechnology Engineering 2013 (ICBioE 2013)
2013 Isolation of fungi producing Cellulases from Cocoa Pod (Theobroma Cacao L.). In: IIUM Engineering Congress 2013 (ICOM '13)
2012 Production of lactic acid from fermentation of pretreated cassava starch and leaves using Rhizopus sp. In: 15th International Biotechnology Symposyiom & Exhibition (IBS 2012)
2011 Dehydration of Ethanol on Zeolite based media using adsorption process. In: 3rd (2011) CUTSE International Conference
2011 Prediction of significant factors in the production of ethanol by ragi tapai co-culture using taguchi methodology. In: 2nd International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2011)
2010 Fabrication of Adsorber Bed Apparatus for dehydration of ethanol on Zeolite based media. In: International Conference on Technology for New and Renewable Energy(ICT-NRE)
2009 Optimization of auto-introduction based fermentation media components for biomass production of Escherichia coli BL21-AI expressing recombinant bromelain. In: Malaysian International Conference on Trends in Bioprocess Engineering (MICOTriBE 2009)

Book

2016 Experimental methods in modern biotechnology (volume 2) . IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4

Book Section

2020 Towards a sustainable campus: zero single-use plastic campaign. In: Spirituality and sustainability: experiences of the International Islamic University Malaysia IIUM Press, International Islamic University Malaysia . ISBN 9789674910488 , pp.160-173
2020 Characterization of polylactic acid/organoclay nanocomposites. In: Advances in nanotechnology and its applications Springer, Singapore . ISBN 978-981-15-4741-6 , pp.107-114
2018 Chemical mutation method for high CO2- requiring- mutants of the Cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002. In: Multifaceted protocol in biotechnology Springer Nature . ISBN 978-981-13-2256-3 , pp.53-62
2018 Chemical mutation method for high CO2- requiring- mutants of the Cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002. In: Multifaceted protocol in biotechnology Springer Nature . ISBN 978-981-13-2256-3 , pp.53-62
2017 Cassava leaves and stems hydrolysis for glucose production. In: Advances in bio-environmental engineering IIUM Press, International Islamic University Malaysia . ISBN 9789674185473 , pp.1-8
2016 Extraction and isolation of xanthine oxidase inhibitors from carica papaya leave extract using chromatographic techniques. In: Experimental methods in modern biotechnology IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4 , pp.25-35
2016 Extraction and isolation of xanthine oxidase inhibitors from carica papaya leave extract using chromatographic techniques. In: Experimental methods in modern biotechnology IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4 , pp.25-35
2016 Application of HPTLC and HPLC for purification of bioactive compounds from plant extract for gout remedy. In: Experimental Methods in Modern Biotechnology IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4 , pp.36-46
2016 Application of HPTLC and HPLC for purification of bioactive compounds from plant extract for gout remedy. In: Experimental Methods in Modern Biotechnology IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4 , pp.36-46
2016 Determination and quantification of ethanol and byproducts using HPLC (Brand: WATERS). In: Experimental Methods in Modern Biotechnology IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4 , pp.47-52
2016 Determination and quantification of ethanol and byproducts using HPLC (Brand: WATERS). In: Experimental Methods in Modern Biotechnology IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4 , pp.47-52
2016 Determination and quantification of ethanol and byproducts using HPLC (Brand: WATERS). In: Experimental Methods in Modern Biotechnology IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4 , pp.47-52
2016 Isolation and characterisation of thermophilic bacterial isolates producing L-asparaginase. In: Experimental Methods in Modern Biotechnology IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4 , pp.72-80
2016 Isolation and characterisation of thermophilic bacterial isolates producing L-asparaginase. In: Experimental Methods in Modern Biotechnology IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4 , pp.72-80
2016 A simple and easy method for preparing solid and liquid media for plant culture. In: Experimental Methods in Modern Biotechnology IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4 , pp.9-15
2016 Initiation of plant cell suspension cultures from seeds. In: Experimental Methods in Modern Biotechnology IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4 , pp.16-24
2016 Extraction of oil from waste source . In: Experimental Methods in Modern Biotechnology (Volume 2) IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4 , pp.94-101
2016 Simple cell attachment and viability assay for screening anticancer properties of natural products. In: Experimental methods in modern biotechnology IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4 , pp.1-8
2016 Bacterial preservation for short and long-term storage. In: Experimental Methods in Modern Biotechnology (Volume 2) IIUM Press . ISBN 978-967-418-384-4 , pp.102-110
2015 Economic and environmental evaluation of recombinant enzyme production. In: Recombinant Enzymes—From Basic Science to Commercialization Springer International Publishing . ISBN 978-3-319-12396-7 , pp.129-142
2015 Scaling-up recombinant enzyme fermentation. In: Recombinant Enzymes - From Basic Science to Commercialization Springer International Publishing . ISBN 978-3-319-12397-4 , pp.99-113
2015 Scaling-up recombinant enzyme fermentation. In: Recombinant Enzymes - From Basic Science to Commercialization Springer International Publishing . ISBN 978-3-319-12397-4 , pp.99-113
2013 Pre-treatment of Malaysian agricultural wastes toward biofuel production. In: Pretreatment Techniques for Biofuels and Biorefineries Springer Berlin Heidelberg . ISBN 978-3-642-32734-6 (Print) 978-3-642-32735-3 (Online) , pp.393-416
2012 Single-Step Bioconversion of Unhydrolyzed Cassava Starch in the Production of Bioethanol and its Value-Added Products. In: Bioethanol InTech Co . ISBN 978-953-51-0008-9. , pp.33-50
2011 Fractionation, identification and quantification of biophenols from oil palm fruit fiber. In: Current research and development in biotechnology engineering at IIUM IIUM Press . ISBN 9789674181505 , pp.150-157
2011 Process improvement of conventional palm oil milling: continuous cooker. In: Current research and development in biotechnology engineering at IIUM IIUM Press . ISBN 9789674181444 , pp.146-154
2011 Process improvement of conventional palm oil milling: depulper. In: Current research and development in biotechnology engineering at IIUM IIUM Press . ISBN 9789674181444 , pp.169-174
2011 Improvement of conventional milling process in palm oil processing: rotary filter press. In: Current research and development in biotechnology engineering at IIUM IIUM Press . ISBN 9789674181444 , pp.245-250
2011 The use of modified polymeric polyhipe as an immobilized cell matrix. In: Current research and development in biotechnology engineering at IIUM IIUM Press . ISBN 9789674181444 , pp.297-305
2011 Optimisation of chromatography condition for biophenols separation from oil palm fruit fiber. In: Current research and development in biotechnology engineering at IIUM (volume 1) IIUM Press . ISBN 9789674181505 , pp.51-59